AskDefine | Define autism

Dictionary Definition

autism n : (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people

User Contributed Dictionary



From Autismus, coined 1912 by Swiss psychiatrist Paul Bleuler (1857-1939) from sc=Grek (comb. form) + sc=Grek suffix "of action" or "of state".


  1. Abnormal self-absorption, first observed in childhood, characterised by lack of response to people and limited ability to communicate.

Derived terms


abnormal self-absorption
  • Chinese traditional/simplified: 孤獨症, 孤独症, 自閉症, 自闭症
  • Croatian: autizam
  • Dutch: autisme
  • Estonian: autism
  • Finnish: autismi
  • French: autisme
  • German: Autismus
  • Greek: αυτισμός
  • Hebrew: אוטיזם
  • Hungarian: autizmus
  • Interlingua: autismo
  • Italian: autismo
  • Japanese: 自閉症 (じへいしょう)
  • Korean: 자폐증
  • Latin: autismus
  • Malay: autisme
  • Norwegian: autisme
  • Polish: autyzm
  • Portuguese: autismo
  • Romanian: autism
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: аутизам
    Roman: autizam
  • Spanish: autismo
  • Turkish: otizm

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

acquisitiveness, airy nothing, alienation, anesthesia, autistic thinking, avoidance mechanism, bashfulness, blame-shifting, bubble, careerism, catatonia, chill, chilliness, chimera, cold blood, cold heart, coldheartedness, coldness, compensation, coolness, daydream, deadpan, deception, decompensation, defense mechanism, deluded belief, delusion, dereism, dereistic thinking, dispassion, dispassionateness, displacement, dissociability, dissociation, dream, dream vision, dreamery, dreamland, dreamworld, dullness, ego trip, egotism, emotional deadness, emotional insulation, emotionlessness, escape, escape into fantasy, escape mechanism, escapism, false belief, fantasizing, fantasy, flight, flight of fancy, frigidity, frostiness, graspingness, greed, heartlessness, iciness, ideal, idealism, ideality, idealization, ignis fatuus, illusion, imaginative exercise, immovability, impassibility, impassiveness, impassivity, impracticality, incompatibility, individualism, inexcitability, insociability, interest, isolation, lack of affect, lack of feeling, lack of touch, misbelief, misconception, mopishness, moroseness, narcissism, negativism, objectivity, obtuseness, overcompensation, passionlessness, personal aims, personal ambition, personal desires, personalism, pipe dream, play of fancy, poker face, possessiveness, privatism, projection, psychotaxis, quixotism, quixotry, rationalization, remoteness, resistance, romance, romanticism, self-absorption, self-admiration, self-advancement, self-centeredness, self-consideration, self-containment, self-deceit, self-deception, self-delusion, self-devotion, self-esteem, self-indulgence, self-interest, self-interestedness, self-jealousy, self-occupation, self-pleasing, self-seeking, self-serving, self-solicitude, self-sufficiency, selfishness, selfism, social incompatibility, sociological adjustive reactions, soullessness, spiritlessness, straight face, sublimation, substitution, sullenness, trick, trip, uncommunicativeness, uncompanionability, uncongeniality, unemotionalism, unexcitability, unfeeling, unfeelingness, unfriendliness, ungeniality, ungregariousness, unimpressibility, unimpressionableness, unpassionateness, unpracticalness, unrealism, unreality, unresponsiveness, unsociability, unsociableness, unsusceptibility, unsympatheticness, untouchability, utopianism, vapor, visionariness, wish fulfillment, wish-fulfillment fantasy, wishful thinking, withdrawal, wrong impression
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